On the following page you will find lists of Heads of State in
Montgomery's time (Canadian prime ministers, British monarchs and prime
ministers, and American presidents), a very short list of some Canadian/World
events, a list of some inventions/inventors of the time, and
very short alphabetical lists of some Canadian, British, and American
writers that wrote during her time.
L.M. Montgomery was born in the time of Queen Victoria and died four monarchs later during the reign of George VI. She saw huge changes in government and governing because she also lived during the Boer War (1899-1902), the First World War (1914-1918), the overthrow of the Russian Czars, and the beginning of the Second World War (1939-1945). Coca-Cola appeared in her time, along with the telephone, gramophone, radios, automobiles, airplanes, helicopters.
Writers and writing changed dramatically after and between the wars.
As she reveals so well in her journals and also in Emily
of New Moon (1923), Montgomery was trained in late-Victorian Romanticism
through the works of Wordsworth, Shelley, Keats, Byron, Sir Walter Scott,
Felicia Hemans, Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning, Dickens, and Tennyson.
British Poet Laureate, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, only died in 1892, when
she was almost nineteen years old. She witnessed the emergence of aestheticism
and the rise of modernism (see Changing
Perception of Montgomery's Writing). The Adventures of Tom
Sawyer (1876), Black Beauty (1877),
Heidi (1880), Ben Hur
(1880), Treasure Island (1883), The
Adventures of Pinocchio (1883), and Huckleberry
Finn (1884) all appeared when Montgomery was still a child. Beatrix
Potter's A Tale of Peter Rabbit (1902) appeared
when she was an adult, establishing herself as a poet and short-story
writer; and Kenneth Grahame's enduring best-seller, The
Wind in the Willows, appeared the same year as Anne
of Green Gables (1908). But at the same time as Montgomery was
becoming well-known and then beloved, such writers as T.S. Eliot, Ernest
Hemingway, Willa Cather, Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, and Frederick Philip
Grove were challenging the way the Nineteenth-Century writers had reflected/shaped
the world around them.
For fun and some surprises, you may want to consult the time line of Anne's life, from 1866-1919, in The Anne of Green Gables Treasury (Viking: 1991, 32-43). You will also find a large number of helpful time lines on the world wide Web, including http://www.cbc4kids.cbc.ca.